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German Shepherd

German Shepherd - Breed Information

Muscular German Shepherd

The GSD (German Shepherd Dogs) belong to a highly gifted dog breed with the potential to excel in various task and areas of discipline as a service dog. They also make great family pets and one of the most popular dog breeds in the world. There is not anyone in the world that does not know the breed due to their unmistakable appearance and charm.


Held in high regards by law enforcement, military, and security agencies, GSDs are one of the most popular dog breeds in the United States. These medium-sized dogs are healthy, muscular and possess dark, almond-shaped eyes with bushy tails.

Typically called among the preferable types for cops, military and securing work, the GSD is also one of the most popular dogs in the United States. The medium-sized pet is healthy and muscular with dark, almond-shaped eyes and a bushy tail.

GSDs sport different types of fur which can be double, luxurious or long-haired and is available in colors of black and tan, although they might also be sable, black, blue, liver and white.

The white German Shepherd is thought about a separate type and frequently referred to as an American white shepherd. The panda shepherd describes a variation in a coat color including white, black and tan regardless of none of its forefathers having a white coat.

The typical height of the breed ranges in between 22 and 26 inches with an average weight of 77 to 85 pounds. Lifespan is around 12 to 14 years, although some GSDs can live longer.


As the name implies, the breed was established in Germany in the 19th century. Breeds of herding and farm pet dogs were crossed to develop the new breed with the same work ethic and friendliness that they possessed.

The GSD club was formed in 1899 after the type was exhibited in 1882 in Hanover. The very first GSD called Horan was registered in April of 1889. The American Kennel Club recognized the type in 1908.

GSDs are called working canines buddy pets and competitors in the conformation ring. Their initial instincts remain in herding and protection, and due to these qualities, they are outstanding working dogs for the authorities and military. They are also excellent service canines and participate in Schutzhund, tracking, obedience, agility, bomb, and drug detection and identify underground mines and gas leakages.

The immense versatility and speed of GSDs are remarkable. Whether tackling agility courses, taking down and holding suspects or sniffing for drugs and mines, the limitless energy, stamina and commitment of the GSD is challenging to match.

German Shepherd in a Garden


GSDs are understood and revered for their ability to recognize and maintain training, even for specialized purposes. Their even disposition, a combination of loyalty, intelligence, valiancy, and protective nature, are qualities suitable for a range of applications. German Shepherds can be described as patient and inquisitive canines. They also tend to be very decisive - a quality that makes them suitable as service dogs for private or military.

The GSD type is eager to discover, alert and prepared for anything. They are energetic and require an outlet for their energy. Firm and consistent training help keep them focused. They can be wary and apprehensive of strangers but once the friendship is established, these dogs stick with their owners for life.

Potential Health Problems

Despite being a favorite, active dog breed, the GSD does have a considerable list of potential health problems. Every dog is different, so there is no warranty your GSD will get any of the conditions below, but it is good for owners to be aware of the following:

  • Bloat
  • Eczema
  • Von Willebrand's disease (bleeding disorder)
  • Perianal Fistulas
  • Keratitis (cornea swelling)
  • Flea allergic reactions
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Blood disorders
  • Epilepsy

Care and Grooming

One thing that you should know about GSDs is that they always need something to do which is why it is essential to facilitate a positive output for their energy. This means daily walks, jogging, and play is necessary to keep them happy and healthy.

The exercise your GSD gets is essential if your pet dog does not work regularly. This intelligent, active type desires work and tasks, so these needs should be met through either functions or exercise. They can do well in apartments as long as their workout requirements are satisfied, which will be a daily, constant commitment.

In addition to cutting nails, cleaning ears and brushing the teeth, there are other grooming obligations for GSDs. Their skin aggravates easily, so they should not be bathed too regularly. They are typical shedders and can shed more seasonally, so everyday brushing is recommended. If your GSD is a long-haired variation, extra grooming might be necessary.

Record all upcoming dates and appointments on a GSD calendar.