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Doberman - Breed Information

Doberman Pinscher

Dobermans can be described as one of the most popular guard dogs in the world. These canines are energetic and highly affectionate which makes them an excellent choice for a family pet or service animal. Dobermans make superior companion animals but likewise take part in tracking, securing, therapy, police and military work, search and rescue, conformation shows and obedience trials.

However, is a Doberman truly a good fit for you and what can you expect when raising them? In this post, we endeavor to help you find all the answers.


Dobermans are medium-sized dogs that are compact and muscular with terrific endurance and speed. They have long heads that are representative of the pinscher dog breed. Ear cropping and tail docking is typical for the dog type but are currently not so common nowadays as most states have started to prohibit the practice.

Dobermans vary in height regarding gender with males growing up to 28 inches and females usually a few inches shorter. Weight can range as well from 66 to 88 pounds.

Regular Doberman colors include black, red, blue and fawn, and there is also a gene that triggers an all-white Doberman. These dogs can live for up to 13 years and sometimes longer with access to excellent veterinary care.


Dobermans are believed to have originated in Germany during the late 1860s. A tax collector named Louis Dobermann wanted a muscular and intimidating guard dog to accompany him on the streets as he does his job. The breed was developed from crossing several various breeds and reportedly made its very first canine show appearance in 1876.

The Doberman was named for Louis, but some organizations dropped the extra letter. The American Kennel Club acknowledged the type in 1908 and the Doberman Pinscher Club of America was founded in 1921.

United States Doberman Lying in a Park


The breed is loyal, smart and caring with exceptional strength and stamina. They are simple to train and keep their training well with regular reinforcement. Dobermans require steady leadership and should be well interacted socially before entering a home with children (this is best done when the canine is young, and they can be great with kids). They prefer to be near their owners and are not recommended as outside-only dogs.

Dobermans are typically referred to as dangerous or aggressive in breed-specific legislation (BSL). While supremacy varies among the type as well as amongst a litter, viciousness results in the absence of proper training and socializing or improper guidance such as being trained to attack or fight on a regular basis. Just as with the bull terrier types, Dobermans can be taught and interacted socially to be rare buddy animals and household pets.

Potential Health Problems

While Dobermans belong to a large and powerful dog breed, they do have some genetic predisposition to certain types of illnesses which include the following:
  • Bloat
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Heart problems
  • Cervical concerns due to spine compression
  • Blood disorder
  • Obesity in later years
  • Skin problems

Care and Grooming

Dobermans are energetic pet dogs that require daily exercise and do most beautiful with a lawn. Long strolls or short jogs are suggested with routine reinforcement of training commands and practices.

All Dobermans have a short coat and thus sheds very little compared to most other dog breeds. Grooming can be as basic as a quick brush once a week and occasionally cleaning their teeth, ears, and nails.

Dobermans are susceptible to cold and require a routine workout. They can do well in apartment or condos or city life with an active owner that can devote a few hours every day to take them out for a walk. These smart pets are easy to train and can be socialized to cope with kids.

They are likewise protective and exceptional guard dogs, so their natural impulses have to be supported with regular training and socializing. If you can supply their workout and training needs, you will be rewarded with a well-behaved, devoted and affectionate companion.

Dog owners that love muscular dog breeds appreciate any Doberman gift including a Doberman calendar.