Boston Terrier - Breed Information
Are you interested in getting fun, smart little dogs for a pet that enjoys being around the family? If so, then you cannot go wrong with the Boston Terrier. People also call them "The American Gentleman" and for a good reason. If you are interested in this particular dog breed, you will do well to learn as much as you can about them.
Bostons are small, muscular canines with narrow, square looks. Their head is square and flat with erect ears and big, round eyes. The tail is low and either straight or curled. The coat is short and can be found in a seal, brindle or black and white markings.
Boston Terriers belong to a small and highly intelligent dog breed. Their appearance and personality have earned it the rank of 21 out of 194 most popular dog breed in the United States according to the American Kennel Club. These dogs weigh a measly 15 to 25 pounds with some variation. Height averages from 15 to 17 inches and the average lifespan is about 15 years.
Bostons are generally family pets. However, their qualities make them exceptional dogs in other areas. They do well in conformation, obedience and agility training. Also, their amiable personality makes them a perfect therapy dog.
The Boston Terrier is one of the few breeds established in the United States. Some time between 1865 and 1870 an English Bulldog and a white English terrier was cross-bred. The resulting offspring were mated with smaller dogs until the breed reached the size and appearance that we recognize today.
Boston Terriers were included in the development of a brand-new breed club called the American Bull Terrier Club of America. There were objections from bull terrier and Bulldog breed groups because the club name was too similar. The Boston Terrier Club of America was formed in 1891 when the type name was changed. The modification included adding the name of the city where the type originated. The AKC included the breed to its' register in 1893.
Bostons are extremely intelligent, and this quality makes them simple to train. They can be difficult to housebreak, but regular and consistent training will help enforce discipline and prevent them from getting into trouble with other dogs. These terriers can be sensitive to one's intonation, so it is essential to be firm with house training without being too harsh. They are affectionate dogs that love to play and remain active.
This "American Gentleman" has an incredible personality and loves becoming part of a family. They are terrific with other animals, kids, the elderly and make excellent treatment pet dogs. They are a smaller breed, so they don't need as much space or exercise as bigger breeds and succeed in apartments.
Potential Health Problems
There are numerous health issues to look for in Bostons. While your pet might not experience every point on this list, it is essential to understand the breed's susceptibility to specific health problems like:
- Patellar luxation
- Breathing difficulties
- Cherry eye
- Heart murmur
Care and Grooming
The Boston Terrier's short and smooth coat sheds very little and easy to groom as you need only brush them every week or so. Bathing can be done as necessary. The face, eyes, and ears need to be examined daily and cleaned as needed. The nails and teeth ought to be cleaned on a regular basis.
Boston Terriers do need regular and consistent training that is not harsh in nature. If you are prepared to deal with potential health problems and can commit to the grooming requirements, a Boston Terrier would make an excellent addition to your family.
A daily walk and free play are sufficient for small dogs like the Boston Terrier. They are not as active indoors as other breeds and do fine with a small yard. Apartment or condo life is suitable for the breed as long as they are given daily exercises. However, do be careful not to overexert your pet outdoors as they are prone to overheating.
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